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Say no to decaff!
Did you know that just the smell of coffee can provide stress relief? Today is dedicated to one of the world’s oldest beverages as September 29 marks the International Coffee Day. Read on, and find out more on coffee.
Francisck Réka Alíz
Best of Budapest online | September 29, 2014
Coffee, this refreshing infusion has conquered the hearts and taste buds of many, ever since Pope Clemente VIII declared it acceptable in the 17th century. (He said, "This beverage is so delicious that it would be a sin to let only misbelievers drink it. Let's defeat Satan by blessing this drink which contains nothing objectionable to a Christian!)
Find out what you need to know about coffee.

The Origins

As legend has it, an Ethiopian goat herder named Kaldi discovered that his goats became overly excited as a result of eating the mysterious fruit of an unfamiliar tree. He finally worked up the courage to try the coffee “cherry” and quickly felt the unusual sense of excitement, inspiration, and clarity that came from it...and that continues to be sought after today. The earliest brew produced from the Ethiopian coffee tree (binomial name Coffea arabica) was, however, little more than a tea-like beverage steeped from a macerated concoction of the cherry, seed, and leaves--a far cry from the smoky and bittersweet deeply colored brew of today's espresso “shot.” From its origin in Ethiopia and its earliest cultivation on the Arabian Peninsula, coffee has been smuggled, traded, and extensively cultivated across the world.

Did you know? 

After oil, coffee is the most widely used product in the world. Nearly 120 million 60 kg (about 132 1b) bags of coffee are produced annually.

The Beans

Good beans make good coffee, it is that simple. There are two types of coffee, Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is grown at high altitudes in Latin America and Africa. It accounts for about two-thirds of global output.
  Distinct regional attributes affect the taste of the carefully grown and processed coffee cherry in the same manner as wine. Consequently, coffee experts refer to the terroir of a region, a French word signifying the summation of those attributes which directly affect the final product.
Why is Italy the first country to come to mind when you mention coffee?

In Italy, coffee, or caffè as they call it, is a cornerstone of the country’s quality of life. The Italians’ love for this beverage probably stems from a deep-rooted respect for good taste, in general. Almost every Italian has a preferred bar where they get their coffee, and some also have a preferred barista. Making coffee is an art, and there’s no kidding around about the perfect espresso: rich, creamy, perfectly balanced from start to finish, not one coffee ground burned by the scorching hot, high-pressure water that passed over it. The history of coffee in Italy dates back to the 1600s. The coffee bean first arrived at the ports in Venice from the Islamic world, and the very first coffeehouse in Europe was established in Venice in 1683 under the Procuratie Nuove in Piazza San Marco. The Muslim brew quickly spread throughout Europe. By 1763, Venice numbered no less than 218 cafés. Some argue that the Enlightenment took place in eighteenth-century Europe because, simply, that’s when coffee houses first opened. So, Italy is not the birthplace of the coffee, but for the espresso (the word means ‘fast’ in Italian), we can thank Italy, more precisely a gentleman named Luigi Bezzera who revolutionized the world of coffee by inventing the espresso machine in 1901.